Installing a patio on the outdoors can transform an ordinary space into an interesting place for hosting guests or relaxing in your spare time. You can opt for wooden patios, or those with pavers. Pavers are easier to maintain and if you’re planning to pave your patios, here’s how you can do it on your own like a pro.
Patio Supplies You Need To Buy
How many pavers do you require? Calculate this by multiplying the length and width and get the area in square footage. Now according to the length and width of the tiles, calculate precise quantity required.
If the area of the patio is not square but round, there are options available for round shapes as well. Now that you know the number of pavers required, select the size, shape and color you want, and determine which pavers are best matched with your budget.
If in doubt, you can always ask a local sales associate at your neighborhood home improvement store for advice.
Along with pavers, you will need gravel and sand, to layer below the pavers. General rule is that gravel should be at least 4 inches deep and the sand should be 1 inch thick. Calculate the filling space in cubic feet, and you will know the exact quantity of sand and gravel to purchase.
Prepare the Surface
Begin by checking for any underground utilities, for which you may call utility companies in your area. Once it clear your backyard or front yard has no utilities, mark off the patio area.
Take a string or rope and outline the patio’s perimeter, this ways you only prepare the surface marked for the patio.
This should be followed by digging the ground and leveling it with gravel and sand. The depth of digging will vary according to the thickness of the pavers, and how deep you want the gravel and sand to rise. During all these measurements, keep a level perimeter string handy and measures down the patio space, to ensure a consistent depth.
Pour at least 5 to 6 inches of gravel into the patio trench using a ground compactor. If you don’t have a ground compactor, you can rent it from any local home improvement store.
Make sure the gravel is spread evenly across the trench, and preferably slopes a bit away from the house.
Add a layer of fine sand over the gravel and compact it.
Laying the pavers
This can be best explained in the following points:
- Select a desired pattern and place the blocks as close to each other as possible. Tap them down with the help of a rubber mallet.
- Once all the pavers are placed, check if they are level or not. Push down any protruding paver with a mallet. If a paver is too low, pull it out, and put some more sand under it.
- Cut pavers to fir the patio boundary and around objects. Use a saw with diamond blade to cut the pavers.
- Install edging around the patio perimeter. Edging is available in a variety of materials, including plastic, wood and metal.
Finishing the Surface
Fill up cracks with sand. For this you may simply spread a thin layer of fine sand and using a broom, fill the gaps.
Compact the pavers once again. This time spread a towel or cardboard under the compactor and run it all over the patio. Apply slight force as you move ahead for proper cushioning.
Fill edges around the patio with sand, gravel and grass.
Seal the pavers or they won’t last very long. Take time out every six months, or at least once in a year to seal pavers for a lasting patio.